The National Curriculum subjects for Key Stages 1 and 2 are set out in section 84 of the Education Act 2002. The National Curriculum is organised on the basis of key stages. At Horspath C of E Primary School we have three key stages:

  • Early Years Foundation Stage: Ages 4-5 (Reception Year)
  • Key Stage 1: Ages 5-7 (Years 1-2)
  • Key Stage 2: Ages 7-11 (Years 3-6)

Every state-funded school must offer a curriculum which is balanced and broadly based and which:

  • Promotes the spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development of pupils at the school and society, and
  • Prepares pupils at the school for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of later life.

The National Curriculum sets out in Programmes of Study, on the basis of Key Stages, subject content for those subjects that should be taught to all pupils.

The Curriculum for Key Stages 1 and 2

The National Curriculum consists of the following core subjects:

  • English: Reading (word reading and comprehension), writing (transcription, handwriting, composition, vocabulary, punctuation and grammar) and spoken language
  • Mathematics: Number, calculation, fractions, measurement, shape and position
  • Science: working scientifically, plants, animals, habitats, materials, seasons, rocks, light, forces, sound, electricity, states of matter, electricity and Earth and space.

And Foundation subjects:

  • Art and Design: use a range of materials, draw, paint and sculpture and study great artists of the past.
  • Computing: design, write and debug programs; understand computer networks including the internet; use search technology effectively; select, use and combine a variety of software and use technology safely.
  • Design and Technology: Designing, making, evaluating and build technical knowledge. Cooking and nutrition
  • Languages (not statutory for Key Stage 1): listen and show understanding, join in with songs and rhymes, hold conversations, speak in sentences and read with accurate pronunciation, write phrases from memory
  • History: historical figures and events, local studies and show knowledge of the Stone Age, Iron Age, Roman Empire, Anglo-Saxons and study an early civilisation beyond Britain.
  • Geography: Locational Knowledge, Human and Physical Geography, Geographical skills and fieldwork
  • Music: singing, playing instruments, listening to music, creating music, play and perform, compose, musical notation and history of music
  • PE: movement, team and competitive games, dance, outdoor and adventurous activity and swimming (swimming is not statutory for Key Stage 1)
  • RE: learn about religions and learn from religions. Study Christianity and other principal world religions.

This is our current Long Term Plan:


Pupils from their first weeks in the reception class follow the Letters and Sounds Phonics Programme of study. We support this using an online phonics program called Phonics Bug with interactive activities for group and whole class phonics teaching. Our Foundation teacher also uses some of the Jolly Phonics letter sound actions to help reinforce the pupil’s learning.

Pupils continue through the phases of Letters and sounds until they are secure in their ability to use phonics to support their reading and writing, this is usually around the middle of Year 2. Pupils then move onto learning spelling patterns and rules.

Reading schemes

Pupils will be sent home with a school reading book each day from the earliest days in the reception class through to the end of Year 6. We organise books into coloured bands based on the complexity of the text which the pupils move their way through until they are fluent independent readers and can choose from a large selection of unbanded fiction and non-fiction texts. From Year 1 onwards we encourage pupils to change their own reading book from their reading band.

Our reading books come from a wide range of children’s books including a selection from several different reading schemes.

British Values

At Horspath C of E Primary School, British values are reinforced regularly as described in this document:


At Horspath music and singing are an important part of the curriculum. Children have the opportunity to learn to play the recorder and violins during class lessons. There are also teachers who visit the school to teach a variety of instruments including piano, flute, trumpet, cornet, clarinet and saxophone.

This year, the whole of Oak class is being taught clarinet  for one year. In the summer term they play a piece at Family Assembly.  Next year, Oak class will learn ukulele.

Twice a year we hold music assemblies where children perform either on their own or in groups.

Singing is taught within individual classes, as well as a whole school lesson once a week. We learn new songs to perform at various events throughout the year. These include Harvest Festival, Easter Service, Christmas Production, Nativity and Carol Concert,


All of the pupils, including the youngest foundation pupils are taught French at least once a week throughout the year. Pupils start with learning songs, rhymes, games, colours and parts of the body. By the end of Year 6 all of our pupils can hold a conversation and read and write simple French passages.


Most of the school’s PE lessons are taught by school staff supported by an apprentice from Ignite Sports and a Yoga teacher. There is also a daily drop in lunchtime sports club which is open to all of the pupils. The pupils really enjoy the clubs and make the most of the extra activities offered, choosing from hockey, tennis, netball, cricket and rounders.

Maths Specialist Teacher

One member of the senior staff has recently received a post graduate qualification as a Maths Specialist teacher (MAST). The aim of the MAST is to lead, develop and enthuse staff and pupils in teaching and learning maths.

Pupil Progress Leader

At Horspath School we take the progress and attainment of every child very seriously whatever their starting point, ability or background. The school’s pupil progress leader monitors groups of pupils e.g. boys/girls, summer born pupils, and compares their progress to the rest of their year group. Where there are concerns these are picked up quickly and, where necessary, additional provision is made for these pupils.